Modern Slavery: Animal Slavery

This is the third and final article in the series about modern slavery, here are the previous two posts

End Modern Slavery      Modern Day Slavery: Wage Slaves

“One day the absurdity of the almost universal human belief in the slavery of other animals will be palpable. We shall then have discovered our souls and become worthier of sharing this planet with them.”
Martin Luther King, Jr

‘The reasons for legal intervention in favour of children apply not less strongly to the case of those unfortunate slaves and victims of the most brutal part of mankind – the animals.’ (In discussing the need for child labor laws)
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) (British philosopher, a founder of utilitarianism)

If you don’t have time to read the article below please at least take the following action to help elephants

BREAKING: Handler Seen Hitting Elephant’s Head 15 Times
https://campaigns.peta2.com/kings-cup-elephant-polo-abuse/?

When reading the article below consider the above petition which is an obvious example of animal slavery which is on-going right now.

Can animals be considered the victims of modern day slavery.

Here is a definition of slavery:

From the English Oxford Living Dictionaries: “Slave (especially in the past) a person who is the legal property of another and is forced to obey “

Note the “especially in the past” phrase in brackets which is in fact not true as “There Are More Slaves Today Than at Any Time in Human History   – 27 million to be exact. Yes the word slave brings to mind the exploitation of the past but slavery was never abolished as many people think.

The number of humans enslaved in the modern world is perhaps beyond our ability to comprehend. Likewise with animals, no doubt the numbers have increased, though there are no statistics it is a forgone conclusion as the rise in population would be accompanied of course by an increase in the use of animals for labour, entertainment and other exploitation.

“When I look at animals held captive by circuses, I think of slavery. Animals in circuses represent the domination and oppression we have fought against for so long. They wear the same chains and shackles.”
Dick Gregory

In the video below Activist Robbyne Kaamil reveals how the atrocities of slavery still exist today in the form of animal captivity.

It is suggested by many that there is no comparison, but consider for example the elephant in chains who provides rides in places like Thailand or who is forced to labour such as logging or the elephant consigned to spend all the days of his life until too old to perform in a circus, such as this poor baby being trained/tortured to perform. He has no choice does he, he would rather spend his days within his family group wandering the plains of Africa or Asian jungles not forced to perform silly ticks.

Elephants used in these ways fulfill the definition of slavery, in the example below this baby elephant is the legal property of the circus and is made to obey, in this case by means of so called training. He is not free to live his life according to his nature, his needs, his wants.

Consider also the animals used in warfare including the elephant who was exploited for war from 1100 years BC right up until World War II  when Japanese troops used elephants to cross the rugged terrain of Burma. We are all familiar with Hannibal’scrossing of the Alps in 218 BC with an estimated 40 elephants, one of the most celebrated achievements of any military force in ancient warfare.  In more recent times a number of animals were and are used in warfare including dolphins, when in 1967 the US Navy Marine Mammal Program developed a major project. The program, which is still ongoing, began training dolphins for mine-hunting and force-protection.  In addition dogs and even pigs have been used in our insane violent confrontations. In ancient times pigs where used to frighten War elephants who were reportedly terrified of the squealing and charging of pigs, so both the Romans and Alexander the Great made use of them in campaigns against enemies that fielded elephants.  

Read more about the animals used in warfare, including cats, bears, even bats “Developed by the US for use against Japan during World War II, the bat bomb was literally that. Each bomb would contain 26 trays that each held 40 hibernating bats. Each bat was meant to be outfitted with an individual incendiary device that was set to detonate after a specified amount of time.”
http://uk.businessinsider.com/unbelievable-instances-of-animals-in-military-2015-12/#bat-bombs-5

Did these animals have any real choice in the matter? All where property of humans, like human slaves, animals are bought and sold, all are forced to obey, all are slaves.

Surely animals imprisoned in factory farms exploited for their meat, skin and commodities such as milk and eggs are slaves, owned and exploited against their will with no say in the matter.

Look at these cows tethered in some shed in a factory farm, they are not able to roam freely in the sunshine, not able to live their lives has nature intended. Thinking feeling sentient beings, these animals suffer pain and fear, with keen maternal instinct like any animal including humans, they cry when their babies are taken from them.

 

Consider pigs in farrowing crates not able to move let alone stand, not able to interact with their babies. Highly intelligent creatures who go insane, trapped and imprisoned, surely these beings are slaves.

Look at this hideous contraption what kind of inhumane person devised such awful confinement, imprisoning sentient highly intelligent  beings – is this not slavery at its worse incorporating hideous abuse.

Here is the petition concerning this cruelty:
https://www.change.org/p/all-governments-ban-pig-cages?

Is this animal free?

Source of photo: https://emptyallcages.com/tag/torture/

Animals imprisoned and tortured (vivisection) are not only abused they are enslaved against their will and the misery of slavery is here again compounded by violent abuse by humans usually in the cause of profit.

You cannot say that a lab animal tortured everyday is not a slave, used and abused for the needs of humans, his life taken from him.

Are not these animals enslaved:
http://www.animalslavery.net/

Doesn’t this cattle auction remind you of the slavery of humans in times past

Pets as Slaves?

According to two Rutgers University professors it could even be considered that pets are animal slaves.

Rutgers law professors say pets are ‘animal slaves,’ argue domestication is form of torture

“Despite living with six rescue dogs, professors Gary Francione and Anna Charlton describe their pets as “non-human refugees,” according to an article they published on Aeon.co this month.

“Although we love them very much, we strongly believe that they should not have existed in the first place,” the couple wrote. “We oppose domestication and pet ownership because these violate the fundamental rights of animals.

“When we talk about animal rights, we are talking primarily about one right: the right not to be property,” they continued. “We all reject human chattel slavery. That is not to say that it doesn’t still exist. It does. But no one defends it.”

The professors argued that the way animals for food are treated would be considered torture if people endured the same treatment.”

Read More:
https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2016/sep/22/rutgers-law-professors-say-pets-are-animal-slaves-/

If an animal is considered someones property and their freedom and their life is taken from them against their will for the purpose of using them to produce such  products as meat, milk, eggs, wool or fur, it fits the definition of slavery.  Their enforced confinement and the exploitation of their lives and premature deaths is surely not of their choosing. An animal is enslaved when he or she is at the mercy of experimenters, his life is not his own, its obvious right. Also animals trained for military purposes or law enforcement often hailed as hero’s yet often killed rather than retired.  Yet despite the obvious comparisons it is by no means easy to get people to consider this treatment of helpless unwilling animals seriously for what it is, namely slavery.

Even less acceptable to many is the consideration of a much loved pet as an enslaved animal, but your companion, be he a cat, dog or rabbit  does not live a natural life, his will over ridden by human need, often confined even if it is for his own good – after all your pet rabbit or even your dog would soon come to grief if allowed to roam at will. Most certainly a bird in a cage, a fish or reptile in a tank is imprisoned and lives an even less satisfactory life than your cat or dog. This is a difficult area for most of us and it is now not possible to simply liberate pets but at the least effort should be made not to increase the problem. Do not buy from pet shops or breeders, instead buying from shelters rescued unwanted animals.  However no matter what we call this whether it’s rescue or sanctuary it is still a form of slavery – think about it your dog cannot even relieve himself until you his owner takes him for a walk. We prefer to ourselves as guardians rather than owners but in reality it is simply a play on words. I like to think I gave the best life I could to my three rabbits – see I automatically referred to them as my rabbits – but in reality they had little free will. I recall my rabbit Sooty sitting by the gate peering underneath, she knew there was more out there and she wanted her freedom. But we have to live in the real world and this is not an easy problem to rectify, as I say domestic animals can’t be liberated, but there are many abandoned animals who need good homes and we need to allow them as natural a life as is possible.

Some animal rights proponents believe that humans do not have the right to own or consider animals as property under any circumstance including as pets. Ideally many animal rights advocates would like an end to our keeping animals as pets. However in the main animal rights supporters consider that sharing our lives with our pets/companion animals is an entrenched and established practice at the present time and do not advocate the releasing of pets into the wild, but advise against certain companion animals, such as caged animals and recommend that dogs and cats be given as natural a life as is possible and are acquired from a pound or shelter rather than from a puppy mill or pet shop.

Here is PETA’s position on the matter:

https://www.peta.org/about-peta/why-peta/pets/

I conclude with another quote from Gary Francione and Anna Charlton

In a just world

“there would be no pets at all, no fields full of sheep, and no barns full of pigs, cows and egg-laying hens. There would be no aquaria and no zoos.”

“If animals matter morally, we must recalibrate all aspects of our relationship with them. The issue we must confront is not whether our exploitation of them is ‘humane’ — with all of the concomitant tinkering with the practices of animal-use industries — but rather whether we can justify using them at all,”

A controversial subject maybe and many people object to the comparison. In my opinion there are many similarities between human and animal slavery and why anyone should feel that such a comparison demeans the atrocities of enslaving human beings I cannot imagine as animals suffer in much the same way we do. An injustice such as the deprivation of life and liberty is a crime regardless of the species, intellect, gender or any other consideration. Animals like us experience pain and fear, they like us wish to live and just like us they desire their freedom. No creature should be deprived of their life under any circumstances. There are some differences as of course billions of human slaves were not slaughtered as animals are , yet for all intents and purposes millions of people lost their lives, lost the right to live as they so pleased – estimates vary from a few million to 100,000,000 people taken by European slave traders from Africa alone. 

Whether or not our use of animals amounts to slavery the fact remains causing suffering, pain and death to any sentient being is wrong in any civilized society regardless of species or any other consideration. Life is precious to all animals, human and nonhuman.

Albert Schweitzer once said:

“True philosophy must start from the most immediate and comprehensive fact of consciousness, and this may be formulated as follows: ‘I am life which wills to live, and I exist in the midst of life which wills to live’ ”

“Just as in my own will-to-live there is a yearning for more life, and for that mysterious exaltation of the will-to-live which is called pleasure, and terror in face of annihilation and that injury to the will-to-live which is called pain; so the same obtains in all the will-to-live around me, equally whether it can express itself to my comprehension or whether it remains unvoiced.

Ethics thus consists in this, that I experience the necessity of practising the same reverence for life toward all will-to-live, as toward my own. Therein I have already the needed fundamental principle of morality. It is good to maintain and cherish life; it is evil to destroy and to check life.

A man is really ethical only when he obeys the constraint laid on him to help all life which he is able to succour, and when he goes out of his way to avoid injuring anything living.”

The Ethic of Reverence for Life
by Albert Schweitzer

Albert Schweitzer developed a philosophy which he called a “Reverence for Life”, for which he received the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize. Basically Schweitzer considered that all creatures possess what he called “a will to live ” for which we should empathize, and that this will to live should be respected in all animals without exception, and a person wishing to live in accordance with such an ethic should avoid whenever possible harming another creature. To take the life of any being human or non human whether in the literal sense or by enslavement is a grave injustice which should now no longer be a part of any modern society.

Actions to take

SPANA For the working animals of the world

https://spana.org/about-us/our-work/ourcorecountries/myanmar

Related Links

Slavery has been abolished … or has it? In a powerful new public service announcement (PSA), comedian, actor, advice columnist, and animal defender Robbyne Kaamil—whose great-great-grandmother was a slave—points out that for animals who are held captive in circuses, zoos, and marine parks, the slave trade is very much alive today. And if you buy a ticket to these places, you’re supporting it.
https://www.peta.org/blog/new-tv-ad-are-you-supporting-the-modern-day-slave-trade/

Animal Slavery and Other Comparisons: Who Should Be Offended?

https://freefromharm.org/animal-products-and-culture/animal-slavery-and-other-comparisons/

“Animal suffering similar to human slaves'” by UPC President Karen Davis is today’s featured letter in the 
Chicago Sun-Times
 :
https://www.upc-online.org/thinking/90605suntimes.htm

You can read more about Albert Schweitzer and his philosophy
http://think-differently-about-sheep.com/Animal_Rights_Albert_Schweitzer.htm

 

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Farewell, Nigel

Below is a guest post by the animal and human rights activist and supporter of free software Luis Leonel.

FAREWELL, NIGEL

“If there is such a thing as a tragic life for a bird, then the life of Nigel “no mates”, a New Zealand gannet, probably fits that bill.”

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/feb/02/nigel-lonely-new-zealand-gannet-dies-concrete-replica-birds

“BUT SUDDENLY YOU ARE GONE”Friends of Mana Island posted an original poem on Facebook dedicated to Nigel, the beautiful gannet bird who lived on a desolate island off the coast of New Zealand, fell in love with one of the 80 concrete birds and died next to her.To Nigel
You stayed awhile on Mana Island,
Attracted by your concrete mates
You built a nest, you did your best
But only Norman dropped on by.We weeded, we painted, we sprayed guano around.
We hoped you’d find the real thing.
Three newbies arrived, a Christmas surprise,
But suddenly you are gone.RIP ‘no mates’ Nigel

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/animalia/wp/2018/02/02/nigel-the-worlds-loneliest-bird-dies-next-to-the-concrete-decoy-he-loved/?utm_term=.80a90a295bbd

Friends of Mana Island of Facebook:
https://www.facebook.com/manaislandfriends/?hc_ref=ARSMgDdg4xkAGc1tooWwjwOj-F1_20U2EYyXOZL7X7-E3jkodUl0u20GbMyG-BDhGio&fref=nf

There are people unhappy with the scientists having lured Nigel. This comment is from one of those people:

“This is an excellent example of people taking actions without even a single thought of the consequences for those involved, in this case Nigel. People like this are dangerous people with great lack of empathy, I wouldn’t trust such people for a second while their own agenda and Godlike decisions come in first place. Shame on you!”

Sheep Cam

Want to watch well cared for sheep relaxing in a clean barn or grazing in pasture, cared for, respected and loved as all living creatures should be.

It is such a refreshing change to see animals so contented, well cared for.

Below you will find live streamed videos of animals at Farm Sanctuary in Watkins Glen. NY   Further down you will find a series of videos concerning the sanctuary’s rescued animals and the work that Farm Sanctuary do to provide a safe environment for hundreds of ill treated and abused animal victims of agriculture, particularly factory farming.

Susie Coston In the Sheep Barn – Farm Sanctuary Live Chat 10/18/17

Join Susie Coston National Shelter Director  in the Farm Sanctuary sheep barn as she answers  viewers questions and shares with us her expert knowledge on farm animals.

I spent a few hours watching these videos and the ones further down which helped restore my faith in human nature, that there are people who care and are willing to help the abused and exploited victims of factory farming who are incarcerated, tortured and violently killed to satisfy the appetites of thoughtless or  ignorant, and maybe even uncaring people, for a food that is not natural and which they do not need.

While for the most part sheep here in the UK are not confined to windowless factory farms, tethered as are cows to a stall with hardly space to move or sit down, except on concrete, or encased in crates as are pigs, sheep nonetheless suffer.

I live in close proximity to the North Yorkshire Dales and moors and other areas of sheep farming having moved some years ago from the south east to the North. I once enjoyed our many trips to these scenic places designated as National Parks or Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty. However as time went by the reality of the cruelty and neglect that takes place in these so-called natural places has opened up a whole new perspective and while I continue to visit and to appreciate to some degree the remotesness and semi wildness –  though in reality this land is managed not only for sheep farming but also for the cruel pastime of shooting and hunting – this location does not seem to have the appeal it once did.

In contrast to the happy contented lively and interactive sheep in the videos above, here in the cold bleakness of the dales in winter and indeed all year round to some degree, there is much suffering. Unlike the sheep in the above videos most sheep in the dales and other places, including fields you pass by in your car without much thought, have their rear ends permanently covered with mud or feces which remains until they are sheared and go through the sheep dip once each year. Many sheep limp, the result of painful arthritis, no doubt untreated with medication. I have come across sheep with hoof rot simply left to get on with it. Sometimes there are sheep who cannot put their leg to the ground, it hangs limp by their side as they struggle to walk. I report as much as possible to the RSPCA who may take action themselves or they will contact the local council department  responsible for the welfare of so called livestock . I have contacted farmers if it is possible to locate them, who assured me they are aware of the situation or will look into it. Sometimes I can’t get any help at all. One recent incident was very upsetting when a ranger in the dales fobbed off my report of a sheep walking on three legs with her front leg hanging limp from her side. He rambled on about how common it is – apparently that makes it alright – and how the sheep would soon wander off into the hills and not be located. Incidentally this type of injury or disease where the leg remains hanging limp is not in any case that common and was obviously a severe injury or condition and needed attention.

Basically he could not give a damn and would do nothing. I rang the RSPCA who agreed with me that the sheep needed attention, they  contacted the local authority for animal welfare. I never knew the outcome. Since that time I do not enjoy our trips out as it is so depressing to see these poor creatures out in all weathers, many limping, dirty, cold and bedraggled knowing there is little I can do to help them.

In general many sheep and their lambs, often born unnaturally early, die of expose, from pneumonia or as a result of predators including  15,000 sheep who were killed by loose dogs in 2016.

Life for sheep is one filled with misery until they are slaughtered or die as a result of disease, injury and neglect.

The suffering of farmed Sheep:
https://www.animalaid.org.uk/the-issues/our-campaigns/animal-farming/suffering-farmed-sheep/

Note if you see an injured animal domestic or wild make a note of the location, provide as much detail as you can of the animals whereabouts and the problem with the animal, the more detail you provide the better. Take a photo if possible which you can send them if you cannot stay with the animal.

Here are the RSPCA’s details.

Reporting cruelty or an animal in distress
https://www.rspca.org.uk/utilities/contactus/reportcruelty

Usually if the problem is urgent and lies within the remit of the local authority the RSPCA will contact them for you.

Now enjoy more Farm Sanctuary videos of happy well cared for animals and work towards a time when this cruelty will be a thing of the past.

Keep meat and other animal products off your plate:
https://www.vegansociety.com/

Down on the Farm: With Farm Animal Whisperer Susie Coston

Reel Life at Farm Sanctuary – Ep. 1: Pasture Rotation  – This is one of a series which you should be able to access on the side bar if you watch the video in Youtube.

There are live cams for cows, pigs, turkeys and the Wisconsin pasture along with many other videos of life at Farm Sanctuary. Some of the live cams do not always show much as it all depends on the time of day and what the animals are doing and the weather, right now it is snowing.

Learn more about Farm Sanctuary and the work they do to make lives better for abused and exploited farm animals.
https://www.farmsanctuary.org/

The reality of where your meat, milk and eggs come from:

“Why Factory Farming Is The Largest Cause Of Animal Abuse In History
http://www.animalequality.net/node/844

Cruel Britannia:  Life and Death on UK Factory Farms
https://www.viva.org.uk/what-we-do/cruel-britannia-life-and-death-uk-factory-farms

Factory Farming: Misery for Animals
https://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-food/factory-farming/

This Year Change to a Vegan Diet

More and more people are changing to a vegan diet.

There is now much more help available for you to make this change in your eating habits, a change which not only helps the billions of animals who suffer from cruelty and abuse but also helps protect our environment and your health.

Watch this inspiring film

Here are suggestions to help you make the change if you are not already vegan and if you are the following links will help add variety to your diet and make life easier.

Here are our 10 Reasons why going Vegan will make you thrive!
https://www.vivahealth.org.uk/veganhealth?utm_source=Viva%21+emails&utm_campaign=2d10d3c506-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_12_10&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_db2a2ff042-2d10d3c506-49561977&mc_cid=2d10d3c506&mc_eid=9c78335ec0

Need help changing to a Vegan diet? Learn how to turn dishes that are full of animal products into nutritious lovely meals is easier than you may think:
https://www.vivahealth.org.uk/how-go-vegan?utm_source=Viva%21+emails&utm_campaign=2d10d3c506-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_12_10&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_db2a2ff042-2d10d3c506-49561977&mc_cid=2d10d3c506&mc_eid=9c78335ec0

Good news for vegans and potential vegans as Tessco introduce new range of 18 all-vegan meals at 600 of their stores under the Wicked Kitchen brand.
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/news/tesco-launches-vegan-meals/?utm_source=Green+Monster+Mailing+List&utm_campaign=c75a3eb43a-NEWSLETTER_EMAIL_CAMPAIGN&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_bbf62ddf34-c75a3eb43a-107260621

Veganism is on the raise,  great news for animals and the environment and our own health, a win win situation all round.

There is less and less excuse to do the right thing and change to a vegan diet.

Go Vegan for the sake of the 56 billion animals slaughtered each year some estimates have a higher figure of 70 billion , the environment – meat and dairy  contributes to global warming, widespread pollution, deforestation, land degradation, water scarcity and species extinction – and your health 57 Health Benefits of Going Vegan

Go Vegan: Change the world.

Often we feel so powerless to change the world, the onslaught of injustice to both human and nonhuman animals seems relentless overwhelming, however there is one simple thing you can do: Change your diet and go vegan.

If you need encouragement why not take the pledge:

Go vegan in 30 days with the 30 Day Vegan Pledge with  the Vegan Society

Sign up via email using the form in this link  “and for 30 days you’ll receive advice on all aspects of a vegan diet (including lots of healthy and easy recipes to try out), allowing you to really sink your teeth into the lifestyle.”

https://www.vegansociety.com/go-vegan/take-vegan-pledge

Related links with advice and information concerning a vegan diet

Farm animals are not the only animals whose lives are saved when you change to a vegan diet

5 WAYS A VEGAN DIET HELPS TO SAVE NON-FARMED ANIMALS
https://www.livekindly.co/veganism-saves-animals/

How to Go Vegan – advice from the Vegan Society
https://www.vegansociety.com/go-vegan/how-go-vegan

From PETA
Order Your FREE Vegan Starter Kit!
https://www.peta.org/living/food/free-vegan-starter-kit/

From VIVA

FREE daily emails
with everything you need
to go vegan

Delicious vegan recipes, vegan meal plans,
vegan nutrition, health and inspiration.
https://30dayvegan.viva.org.uk/

First Vegan Cinema Advert

“The thinking person must oppose all cruel customs no matter how deeply rooted in tradition and surrounded by a halo. When we have a choice we must avoid bringing torment and injury into the life of another.”

Albert Schweitzer

This is such great news, a step towards ending the cruelty of farming, the systematic rearing torture and slaughter of sentient beings for a food that is not natural, eaten to please the appetite.

“In September 2017, Viva! launched a campaign to raise enough money to bring the first VEGAN cinema ad to the UK. One month and over 1,400 donations later, we smashed the goal! The cinema ad launched nationwide on 1st December 2017. See below to find out how you can see it on the big screen!”
VIVA Vegetarians’ International Voice for Animals

Above is the UK’s first ever VEGAN CINEMA AD launched Friday 1st December 2017

How can you watch the Ad?

For more information and to view the list of cinemas the ad is being shown and find out which films to see:
https://www.viva.org.uk/bring-hope-to-millions#showings

Don’t forget to click the following link if you have not already done so to access lots of help and advice about how to change to a vegan diet. Includes recipes, information about where to shop and to eat out. Also more about Hope the mother pig in the above video.

Easy Vegan
https://www.viva.org.uk/easyvegan

More about rescued mother pig and her piglets

Also be sure to read Hopes Story and view rescue video
https://www.viva.org.uk/hopes-story

A happier life now for Hope and her piglets rescued from the nightmare of factory farming.

Below is an example of the horror that exists for pigs like Hope and other farm animals: sheep, cows, poultry &  rabbits

After watching the film below I am sure you will agree this is hell on earth.

“But for the sake of some little mouthful of flesh we deprive a soul of the sun and light, and of that proportion of life and time it had been born into the world to enjoy.”
Plutarch

If you eat meat you are complicit!

Meat is not a natural part of the human diet and comes from the suffering and death of billions of sentient beings like Hope and her piglets

Please consider changing to a vegan diet.

Warning graphic images

All Animals Deserve to Live And to Live as Nature Intended.

The earth is not ours to do with as we please, we share this earth with an estimated 8.7 million other species,  the vast majority have not been identified – and cataloguing them all could take more than 1,000 years. Yes we share this earth, the earth is not ours and the other animals who inhabit this world are not here for our convenience, they do not exist for food, clothing, entertainment, experimentation or for use as labour.

Animals for meat, fur and wool

The millions of species of nonhuman animals do not exist to provide you with food that you do not need and is not natural. You do not have the anatomy of a carnivore, even Plutarch recognised this obvious fact some 2,000 years ago when he said:

…it is absurd for them to say that the practise of flesh-eating is based on nature. For that man is not naturally carnivorous is, in the first place, obvious from the structure of his body. A mans frame is in no way similar to those creatures who were made for flesh-eating; he has no hooked beak or sharp nails or jagged teeth, no strong stomach or warmth of vital fluids able to digest and assimilate a heavy diet of flesh. It is from the very fact, the evenness of our teeth, the smallness of our mouths, the softness of our tongues, our possession of vital fluids too inert to digest meat that nature disavows our eating of flesh. If you declare that you are naturally designed for such a diet, than first kill for yourself what you want to eat. Do, it however, only through your own resources, unaided by cleaver or cudgel of any kind or axe. Rather, just as wolves and bears and lions themselves slay what they eat, so you are to fell an ox with your fangs or a boar with your jaws, or tear a lamb or hare in bits. Fall upon it and eat it still living, as animals do. But if you wait for what you eat to be dead, if you have qualms about enjoying the flesh while life is still present, why do you continue, contrary to nature, to eat what possesses life? Even when it is lifeless and dead, however, no one eats the flesh just as it is; men boil it and roast it, altering it by fire and drugs, recasting and diverting and smothering with countless condiments the taste of gore so that the palate may be deceived and accept what is foreign to it.

If you eat meat consider the points that Plutarch made centuries ago, ask yourself what other animal cooks its food to make it edible, the fact that you need to cook meat is an indication that this food is not natural for humans.

Animals have their own lives, their own natures and purposes. A rabbit, a mink or a fox, to name just a few of the unfortunate creatures to be killed to provide some humans with a fur coat, are not on this earth for that purpose. The fur of these animals belongs to the creature who was born with it. Way back in time the killing of animals for meat or fur was the only option available, but now no human on earth needs meat or fur or the wool of sheep. Yet the fur trade thrives throughout the world with millions of animals killed for their fur to satisfy human greed and fickle fashion.

Read more about the horror and cruelty of the Barbaric Fur Trade:
https://www.peta.org.uk/issues/animals-not-wear/fur-trade/

Each year, more than 1 billion rabbits and 50 million other animals — including foxes, seals, mink and dogs — are raised on fur farms or trapped in the wild and killed for their pelts. 

Fur and wool are now easily replaced by synthetic materials which are warmer and more hard wearing and yes for the fickle followers of fashion who are prepared to kill another animal for their vanity, natural fabrics appear very similar, so similar in fact it is virtually impossible to tell the difference. Meat of course is no longer required, eating meat is now a detriment not only to animals but to other humans: Did you know that if “If the whole world became vegan, there would be plenty food to feed all of us””more than 6.3 billion people.” 

See also

Could veganism end world Hunger

“In order to ensure that every person on the planet has enough food to eat, and ultimately protect our own survival, humans must look deep within themselves and choose the path that is the most compassionate, healthy, and sustainable. That path is veganism.”
http://gentleworld.org/could-veganism-end-world-hunger/

Meat is also a detriment to our environment, for example 51 percent or more of global greenhouse-gas emissions are caused by animal agriculture, eating meat causes pollution and uses up huge amounts of water to name just a few of the problems to our environment we ignore in order for wealthy people in western countries to eat meat.

Meat and the environment:
https://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-food/meat-environment/

Most importantly meat is a detriment to animals 

“Over 56 billion farmed animals are killed every year by humans. These shocking figures do not even include fish and other sea creatures whose deaths are so great they are only measured in tonnes.”
http://www.animalequality.net/food

Over one billion animals are killed in the UK alone each year and there are 278 slaughter houses:

The Slaughter of Farm Animals in the UK
https://www.viva.org.uk/what-we-do/slaughter/slaughter-farmed-animals-uk

Indeed it breaks your heart that those affectionate calves will soon be killed in order for you who eat meat, to consume a food that you do not need and is now merely a luxury, which not only causes the harm mentioned above but is for you the meat-eater a serious detriment to your health and well being.

Also keep in mind that in many countries both dogs and cats are killed for meat. It was estimated in 2014 that worldwide, 25 million dogs are eaten each year by humans. In China alone roughly 20 million dogs are killed for consumption each year, making China the world’s largest consumer of dog meat.

Animals as Entertainment

Whether it’s circuses, zoos, horse or dog racing or even here in the UK the bizarre but ever more popular sheep racing, hunting, shooting, fishing, the use of animals for entertainment is wrong. As Rodger Moore quoted above says there are now “boundless opportunities for amusement“, circuses and other animal entertainment including the obviously sickening pastime of blood sports are now anachronisms of a bygone age and are barbaric abuses of sentient beings, animals who have as much right to live their lives as they so please, as nature intended not as an adjunct to human activity.

Below is a petition which shows that even sheep cannot escape being used and abused in so called entertainment;

Cancel The Cruel Event of “Mutton Bustin'” at the National Western Stock Show & Rodeohttp://www.thepetitionsite.com/943/055/292/cancel-the-cruel-event-of-quotmutton-bustinquot-at-the-national-western-stock-show-denver/         Please sign and share.        

Animals as use in experimentation

“Once one allows that animals are part of the moral community…then one’s act of inflicting pain and suffering upon them or killing them must be justified…

In my view pain is pain, as much evil for an animal as for a human, and I agree with animal liberationists that it is a form of speciesism or discrimination to pretend otherwise.”

R. Frey, ‘The ethics of the search for benefits: Experimentation in medicine’, in Principles of Health Care Ethics, ed. by R. Gillon (Chichester: John Wiley, 1994), pp.1068-69.

Nothing shames the human species as its use of helpless animals for experimentation. There is no excuse for this cruelty, no justification, whether it is testing a defenceless rabbit, guinea pig, or rat for cosmetic or medical purposes for which in addition to the aforementioned animals primates may be used, also dogs and cats in medical testing. Life is precious to any animal as your life is to you, what right have any human to assert that their life is more important than that of another animal.

In the process of experimentation animals suffer both physically and psychologically as much as humans or maybe even more so, in fact Richard Dawkins asserts that our non human, animal cousins may be “capable of feeling more intense pain than we are.” 

Right now, millions of mice, rats, rabbits, primates, cats, dogs, and other animals are locked inside barren cages in laboratories across the country. They languish in pain, ache with loneliness, and long to be free. 

Instead, all they can do is sit and wait in fear of the next terrifying and painful procedure that will be performed on them. The complete lack of environmental enrichment and the stress of their living situation cause some animals to develop neurotic types of behavior such as incessantly spinning in circles, rocking back and forth, pulling out their own fur, and even biting themselves. After enduring a life of pain, loneliness, and terror, almost all of them will be killed.

Read the truth about the hideously cruel experiments inflicted on helpless animals and why they are unnecessary.

Animal Testing 101
https://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-experimentation/animal-testing-101/

My own opinion is simple, there is no excuse ever and no reason that can ever justify such cruelty because animals have as much right to their lives as we do , and moreover to live their lives without the negative interference of humans, if is after all their world also .

This link has a wealth of quotations regarding the ethics of animal experiments such as the following, which in my opinion is one of the main reasons that still today animals suffer the agonies of experimentation.

“Results from animal tests are not transferable between species, and therefore cannot guarantee product safety for humans…

In reality these tests do not provide protection for consumers from unsafe products, but rather they are used to protect corporations from legal liability.”

Herbert Gundersheimer, M.D., Baltimore, Maryland, 1988.
http://animalliberationfront.com/Saints/Authors/Quotes/quotes10.htm

Animals as Labour

In the modern age there are few tasks now that need the labour of an animal, yet still animals are used in warfare, the enforcement of law, to provide transport, carry goods and so on. Such labour may cause exhaustion, often physical pain, for example if animals are used to carry heavy loads, which is still the case in many parts of the world today. Animals may often be made to comply by the use of whips and other violent forms of coercion. Animals used by law enforcement or the military are exposed to danger and death, remember unlike policemen or women or a soldier the animal has no choice. Not only is this physically exhausting and stressful but at the end of the animal’s useful life he or she is more than likely to be killed if they have not already died of exhaustion.

For detailed information concerning the many uses and abuses of animals used for labour the following article is  recommend

Animals used as workers
http://www.animal-ethics.org/animals-used-workers/

You can also read here in this blog about the plight of animals used in warfare:

How War Affects Animals

During WW1 eight million working horses lost their lives, along with countless donkeys and mules. Also one million dogs and pigeons and other birds whose numbers are not known. During this war 16 million innocent animals with no say in or understanding of the matter were forced into war. During the  the battle of Verdun in 1916 7,000 horses died in one day alone.

Read more, also includes the deaths of animals affected by war as a result of their being abused in other ways such as trapped in zoos , used to detonate landmines.
https://rantingsfromavirtualsoapbox.wordpress.com/2017/06/11/how-war-effects-animals/

The following article questions why carriage rides continue to exist when clearly they cause much suffering to horses:

Image of a Beleaguered Working Horse Begs the Question of Why Carriage Rides Still Exist:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/animalsandnature/why-do-carriage-rides-still-exist/?

Animals as Pets

Animals used as Pets may well come under the category of animals used as entertainment but it a bit more complex and less clear cut than that as often these animals provide companionship. Regarding the word pet I prefer the term companion animal, but for ease of writing I will use the word pet which is often an endearment also used to imply fondness of our fellow humans, so for some of us it does not have the same negative connotations.

In a perfect world no animal should be kept as a pet, and I wish this situation did not exist, but this is by no means an ideal world and the domestication of dogs and cats and other animals has progressed beyond the point of turning back. The opposition by many animal rights advocates including myself towards keeping a companion animal should not be considered as a call to release domesticated animals. Domesticated animals such as dogs, cats, rabbits and so on are now dependent on us for their survival, it would not be in the best interests of these animals to release them into the wild or let them lose in our streets where in both cases they would starve to death or come to other harm.

Moreover no advocate of animal rights wishes to remove companion animals from their homes. However we have a moral duty to take responsible care of the animals that we take into our homes and you will find that many animal rights activists and supporters have companion animals or take into their homes rescued animals in need of care. The stance by many animal rights activists is that companion animals who are already here should live long, healthy lives, in as natural a way as is possible, cared for with love and respect by the humans who take them into their homes as their guardians rather than their owners. I would personally like to see the phasing out of confined animals as pets such as rabbits, guinea pigs, birds, rats, fish, reptiles and end deliberate breeding of such creatures as companion animals. These creatures still exist in the wild where they should remain to live the lives that nature intends.

The above is my position on the subject of pets adapted from my website’s statement on Animal Rights. You can read the entire statement by clicking the following link and scrolling down to the section Companion Animals (pets):
http://think-differently-about-sheep.com/Animal_Rights_Our_Statement.htm

Having a pet or pets is a difficult subject and there are many conflicting opinions. I had three pet rabbits whom a miss very much. However all three came from rescue situations and needed homes. Whatever you decide regarding caring for a pet please adopt one from an animal rescue, if you live in the UK you can also go to the RSPCA who have many unwanted animals for adoption.

https://www.rspca.org.uk/findapet

Please do not buy from a pet store and most certainly not backstreet breeders as this perpetuates the trade in and breeding of animals.

Please do not adopt an animal you cannot adequately care for or can afford, keep in mind vets fees can be considerable but a vital part of an animal’s well being and here in the UK a legal requirement. More advice is available in the above link.

There are just so many ways that animals are used by humans, some less of a problem than others but I firmly believe that in general animals are better off in their own environments to live their own lives as nature intended and are most certainly not here to feed you, clothe you, entertain you or keep you company, unless they so desire, or for use as labour. Life is as important to an animal as our lives are to us , it is their world to and each and every creature has a right to be here regardless of how useful or otherwise they are to humans.

Credits:

Graphics Animals in a fur coat and The Animal Holocaust :
http://www.animalethics.org.uk/index.html

End Live Export

I’d be doing a surgery such as an eye removal on a bull, kneeling inches deep in shit and urine as the ship rolled, and wonder if in the future this trade would be abolished like slavery and the world would look back in wonder and shame that it was ever considered acceptable.
Dr Lynn Simpson

Firstly as a vegan I am opposed to what is referred to as “live stock” farming in any form be it organic, small holding or factory farming. There is now no need to kill any animal for his or her meat, meat is not a natural food for human beings, it never was and never will be.

In the exploitation of animals for their meat and other derivatives there are of course many degrees of cruelty and one of the worst is the live export of animals most often to countries where there are no animal welfare laws whatsoever and where these animals are treated with appalling cruelty after spending a grueling hellish journey by sea to their destination.

If you do not have time to read this article please at least sign the petition below and scroll down to take the other recommended actions. There are a lot of actions you can take please take as many as you can.

Immediate Action  – scroll down for more actions to take to ban live export

The Australian Government is being pressured to allow Australian ponies, horses and donkeys to be sent overseas for slaughter.

“On 24 May 2017 the Australian Government Department of Agriculture confirmed that it had received a number of enquiries about exporting horses, ponies and donkeys “in large numbers for slaughter” and that it was developing regulations to facilitate the trade.”

Let’s stop this before it starts. It is shocking enough as it is with the live export of sheep and cattle without the addition of other animals.

Please sign and share petition to the Australian Parliament calling upon the Senate to prohibit the live export of ponies, horses and donkeys, once and for all.
http://www.liveexport.org.au/

It is time for a complete ban on the live export of all animals

As you can see by the poem above by W.H Davis live export is not new – You can read more further down concerning Davis’s  experiences on a live export ship over a century ago.

In modern times the cruelty is even worse as you can read in the link below which also includes other cruelties during the exploitation of sheep. Warning graphic images of appalling cruelty which most people will find upsetting

Sheep and Lambs
An Animal Exploitation Photo Journal and Gallery Presentation from All-Creatures.org
http://www.all-creatures.org/anex/sheep.html

If you still need to ask what is wrong with live export please read the following 

Most animals who are exported live for slaughter have their throats cut while fully conscious. Millions have died at sea. Some 43 investigations have revealed that in destination countries, many animals endure routine abuse and brutal slaughter in places where laws do not protect them from cruelty

Click the link below to continue reading about the cruelty of live export and why it needs to be banned and actions you can take to help get  it stopped.

http://www.banliveexport.com/

Also check out Stop Live Exports Org
https://www.stopliveexports.org/about-stop-live-exports

Still not convinced, watch the following video Warning extremely shocking images that will break your heart

Please read the following from PETA:
Live Export: ‘Shipping’s Modern Slave Trade’

“More than 200 million animals have been crammed onto filthy cargo ships over the last 30 years, and more than 2.5 million of them have died. And of course, every single one was an individual who felt fear and pain.”
http://www.peta.org.au/issues/live-export-animal-cruelty/

End live export, in fact end all live stock farming. Millions of sentient beings slaughtered year in and year out while living miserable lives in factory farms.

Ways you can help to bring about the end of live export.

The most simple and most effective is to change to a vegan diet. Though of course this will not have an immediate effect therefore other actions must be taken to secure an out right ban now!

Petitions to end live export

There are many petitions on-line, here is a small selection

From  Animals Australia’s website Ban Live Export be sure to click the Take Action section and sign the following petition:

PETITION to end live export cruelty
http://www.animalsaustralia.org/take_action/petitions/ban-live-export/

Anyone from any county may sign – please share widely

A petition from Azaaz

Senzeni Zokwana, Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (South Africa): BAN Live Animal Export. Please sign and share this petition:
https://secure.avaaz.org/en/petition/Dr_Tembile_Songabe_Director_of_Veterinary_Public_Health_DAFF_BAN_live_animal_export/?wQDIPhb

Help End the Hideously Cruel Live Export Industry by  sending a message to Australian High Commissioner asking him to put an end to this horrific practice today.
http://action.peta.org.uk/ea-action/action?ea.client.id=5&ea.campaign.id=4690

Help the RSPCA Australia’s campaign to end live export and send an e-mail to australia’s government officials:
https://www.rspca.org.au/live-export

Below is a list of suggested actions you can take which I have pasted from the PETA link above Live Export: ‘Shipping’s Modern Slave Trade’ . Please take as many of these actions as you can:

WHAT YOU CAN DO

By taking the following actions, you can help prevent animals from suffering on live-export ships:

  • Sheep used for their fleeces are often shipped to the Middle East for slaughter once they’re no longer profitable to the cruel wool trade. Don’t subsidise the live-export industry: never buy wool, and encourage family and friends to avoid it, too.
  • Sign PETA’s petition asking Barnaby Joyce to end the live export of animals, and urge Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull to take action immediately against this cruel trade.
  • Sign up for PETA Asia-Pacific’s Activist Networkso that you can stay informed about events and protests in your area.
  • Share information about the cruelty of the live-export industry on Twitter, Facebook, and other social media sites.
  • Write letters to your local newspaper or call in to radio stations to inform readers and listeners about what happens to animals who are shipped overseas. Check out this letter-writing guide to get started.
  • PETA can provide leaflets that explain the cruelty of live export. Post them on community message boards, include one with every bill payment, or hold your own leafleting event or protest. E-mail us to get a stash of leaflets or for more information.

Live Export and its cruelty is not a new, in the early 1900s W.H Davis in this poems Sheep and A Child’s Pet describes the hardship of live exportation.

Sheep

When I was once in Baltimore
A man came up to me and cried,
“Come, I have eighteen hundred sheep,
And we will sail on Tuesday’s tide.

“If you will sail with me, young man,
I’ll pay you fifty shillings down;
These eighteen hundred sheep I take
From Baltimore to Glasgow town.”

He paid me fifty shillings down,
I sailed with eighteen hundred sheep;
We soon had cleared the harbour’s mouth,
We soon were in the salt sea deep.

The first night we were out at sea
Those sheep were quiet in their mind;
The second night they cried with fear —
They smelt no pastures in the wind.

They sniffed poor things for their green fields,
They cried so loud I could not sleep:
For fifty thousand shillings down
I would not sail again with sheep.

A Child’s Pet

When I sailed out of Baltimore,
With twice a thousand head of sheep,
They would not eat, they would not drink,
But bleated o’er the deep.

Inside the pens we crawled each day
To sort the living from the dead;
And when we reached the Mersey’s mouth
Had lost five hundred head.

Yet every night and day one sheep,
That had no fear of man or sea
Stuck through the bars its pleading face,
And it was stroked by me.

And to the sheep-men standing near,
‘You see,’ I said, ‘this one tame sheep?
It seems a child has lost her pet,
And cried herself to sleep.’

So every time we passed it by
Sailing to England’s slaughterhouse,
Eight ragged sheep-men — tramps and thieves —
Would stroke that sheep’s black nose.

The quotes below are from Davies autobiography

“We also had on this trip two thousand head of sheep, quartered on the hurricane deck. When we were six days out there came a heavy storm, and the starboard side was made clean, as far as pens and sheep were concerned, one wave bearing them all away. This happened at night, and on the following morning the sheep men were elated at having less work to do during the remainder of the voyage. The cattle, being protected on the main deck, and between decks, and their breath filling the air with warmth, make the cattleman’s lot far more comfortable than that of the sheep-men. The condition of the cattle can be seen without difficulty, but ten or fifteen sheep lying or standing in the front of a crowded pen, may be concealing the dead or dying that are lying in the background. For this reason it is every morning necessary to crawl through the pens, far back, in quest of the sick and the dead.”

Here is Davies’ account of the cattle pens during the voyage again from his autobiography

“I shall never forget the first night’s experience, when the cattle were brought to the ship in a train of cars. A large sloping gangway was erected to span the distance between ship and shore, and up this incline the poor beasts were unmercifully prodded with long poles, sharpened at the end, and used by the shore cattlemen. The terror-stricken animals were so new to the conditions, that they had no notion of what was expected of them, and almost overleaped one another in their anxiety to get away. What with the shout of savage triumph, and the curse of disappointment, and the slipping and falling of the over-goaded steers, I was strongly tempted to escape the scene. As the cattle were being driven aboard, we cattlemen, who had signed for their future charge, caught their ropes, which we were required to fasten to a strong stanchion board. Sometimes one would run up behind, and prevent himself from turning. On one of these occasions, I crossed the backs of others, that had been firmly secured, so as to force this animal to a proper position. The animal, whose back I was using for this purpose, began to heave and toss, and at last succeeding in throwing me across the back of the other, this one tossing and rearing until I was in danger of my life, only the pressure of the other beasts preventing him from crushing my limbs. Taking possession of his rope, I held it to a cattleman, who was standing waiting and ready in the alley, and he quickly fastened this refractory animal to the crossboards.”

“Up till the fourth night we had experienced no bad weather, and the cattle had been quiet and requiring little care. On this particular night my attention had been drawn several times to a big black steer, which, time after time, had persisted in lying down. At last, in pity for the poor beast, I let him rest, thinking to get him into a standing position at the last moment, when I went off duty, after calling the foreman and his men. But when that last moment came I failed in all my efforts to raise this animal, whose joints, I suppose, had become stiff after a prolonged rest. I was not therefore greatly surprised when the foreman came, after I had gone off duty, to the forecastle, with the complaint of having found a number of cattle lying down, and one, he said, in particular, which must have been lying down half of the night. ‘When I left the cattle,’ I said, ‘nothing seemed to be wrong.’ ‘Come up and see this one,’ he answered. I followed him on deck, and there I saw several cattlemen standing in front of a pen, in which I recognised the big black steer. He was now lying full length in the pen, the others having had to be removed for his convenience. ‘See this,’ said the foreman, ‘this creature should be standing. Twist his tail,’ he continued, to a cattleman, who at once obeyed. During this operation another cattleman fiercely prodded the poor creature’s side with a pitchfork, which must have gone an inch into the body. At the same time another beat the animal about the head with a wooden stake, dangerously near the eyes. The animal groaned, and its great body heaved, but it made no attempt to move its legs. ‘Wait,’ said the foreman then, ‘we will see what this will do.’ He then took out of his mouth a large chew of tobacco, and deliberately placed it on one of the animal’s eyes. My heart sickened within me, on seeing this, and I knew that I would have to be less gentle with these poor creatures to save them the worst of cruelty. In a second or two the poor beast, maddened by pain, made frantic efforts to rise, tried again and again, and after seeing its great sides panting, and hearing a number of pitiful groans, it succeeded in the attempt.”

“It was our duty to keep the cattle standing, and not to allow them to rest too long on their knees; and not [to] let them, on any account, stretch full length in the pens. One reason for this was that a kneeling steer would be overstepped by his nearest neighbour, and if the latter happened to rise, their ropes, which were so fastened as to give them very little freedom, would be tightened and crossed, bringing their heads together in such close proximity that they would make frantic efforts to escape each other’s presence. And another reason for not allowing them to lie down for any length of time was that their joints would become so stiff as to make them almost incapable of rising, though goaded by the most heartless cruelty. I used the most humane methods to attain this end, and sought to inspire terror in them by the use of a most ferocious war-cry, which often succeeded. If that failed to raise them, I struck them with a flat stick on the haunches, which they could scarcely feel, at the same time not forgetting to use my voice. Not succeeding in this, I resorted to the old remedy, which rarely fails, standing at their backs and twisting their tails. A bullock can kick in any direction. There is terrible power in his side kick, also his front kick, throwing his hind leg forward with a speed that is remarkable for such an unwieldly animal. But his back kick, when you stand back to back with him, has not the least power to cause hurt. The other watchman and myself had about an equal number of cattle under our charge, and when I was in difficulty he kindly came to my assistance, and I did likewise for him, although he seldom seemed to need other help than his own. We made our rounds about every half hour. Sometimes I found a steer in the alley; by some means or other he had cleared the head board and, still being a prisoner, stood-fastened outside the pen instead of inside. Another time we would find one standing with his tail to the head-board, instead of his head, owing to the rope getting loose, or being broken; after which he had turned himself around to see if there was any way of escape behind him. It required great care, in cases of this kind, to place them again in their original positions.”

The Autobiography of a Super-Tramp
https://archive.org/stream/autobiographyofs00davi/autobiographyofs00davi_djvu.txt

About HW Davis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._H._Davies

The situation is more dire nowadays and the cruelty and abuse more extreme and extensive.There are most likely few people such as Davis who made some attempt to avoid cruelty when possible. I cannot understand the mindset of any person who participates in such abuse of another living being.

The barbarous cruelty of the live export trade needs to end now consigned to history where it belongs.

Related Links

Live Animal Export Australia’s Shame
http://www.liveexportshame.com/about.htm

RSPCA fears for Australian ponies, horses and donkeys facing live export for slaughter

Australia’s ponies, horses and donkeys are next on the Australian Government’s live export hit list, facing a perilous journey before being slaughtered overseas for their skin and meat.
https://www.rspca.org.au/media-centre/news/2017/rspca-fears-australian-ponies-horses-and-donkeys-facing-live-export-slaughter